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Type 2 Diabetes: High Triglycerides

16 February 2012
What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of conditions resulting from too much glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood.

Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose to move from your blood into the tissues in your body where it is required as a source of energy.

Diabetes occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin effectively, leading to excess of glucose in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of diabetes and occurs in adults over age 40 but it can appear earlier. Type 2 diabetes may also develop as a consequence of obesity.

What are triglycerides?

Cholesterol and triglycerides are two forms of lipid or fat.

Both cholesterol and triglycerides are necessary for life itself.

Like glucose, triglycerides are needed as a source of energy.

Two sources of triglycerides are dietary and non-dietary (production in the liver).

Diabetes and triglycerides

It is common to see excess levels of triglycerides in the blood among people with Type 2 diabetes.

This is due to the decreasing effect of insulin (insulin resistance) in Type 2 diabetes that leads to:.

an increase in the production of triglycerides in the liver; and

a reduction in the breakdown and removal of triglycerides from the blood.

Guidelines

Malaysian Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes states:

Those with Type 2 Diabetes who have TG > 1.7 mmol/L after interventions to modify lifestyle and improve blood glucose control should be considered for fibrate therapy

Target for triglycerides : 1.7 mmol/ L

Please download the brochure below for further reading....

    arrowDownload Type 2 Diabetes - High Triglycerides Brochure.pdf (English - pdf) File size=880 Kb


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